Tsurugajo Castle was built here about 600 years ago. Aizu was a location central in importance to the control of Eastern Japan, and many famous generals from all over the country came and ruled the area. A castle tower, like the one presently standing, was finished about 400 years ago. Usually, the lord of the area did not live there, but came and gave orders from there only during times of battle. Also, about 140 years ago there was a terrible war between the samurai of Aizu and the Meiji government. The age of the samurai drew to a close here as those who fought to the end as samurai were defeated by the Meiji government, and the castle was destroyed. The present tower was rebuilt in 1965. The picture which was used in consultation for the restoration is of the castle in the latter half of the 19th century and is said to have been taken by a Frenchman.